Image of Abe Schwartz from Schwartz, Abe, and Abe Schwartz. Got fun Avrohom. Hebrew Publishing Company, New York, New York, 1921. Notated Music. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.

Abe Schwartz was one of the most important Yiddish musicians in the early history of the popular recording industry. A violinist, composer, and bandleader whose career spanned nearly five decades, Schwartz helped define the sound of klezmer in the pre-WWII era.

Image of Herman Wohl from Ben Hamelech sheet music, courtesy of Library of Congress

Herman Wohl, along with his songwriting partner Arnold Perlmutter, was a foundational composer in the early years of U.S. Yiddish theater. Drawing upon his religious upbringing and training, Wohl’s compositions bridged the liturgical and secular worlds of Yiddish music.