Birnbaum started her career early, working in Jakob-Ber Gimpel’s troupe as a child in Lemberg. She later worked alongside Kalman Juvelier in Czernowitz before settling in Berlin. She immigrated to the U.S. in June 1901 at the behest of Boris Thomashefsky and Jacob Adler, where she quickly found roles in vaudeville. She married the actor Louis Birnbaum around 1912, with whom she worked for years as a husband and wife team.
She recorded only four sides, all for Columbia, in 1917 and 1918, including the Arnold Perlmutter and Herman Wohl composition “Schenkt a nedoweh,” written for victims of the Kishinev pogroms on 1903 and 1905.
Listen to Minnie Birnbaum's "Schenkt a nedoweh" (Columbia E4031, recorded c. June 1918)